The Introduction of Chinese Traditional Music

Chinese instruments

It has been accepted without question for a long time that Chinese culture is of long standing and well established. As is known to all, Chinese characters have a history of more than five thousand years and history of Chinese music culture can be traced back to more ancient. With the development of history and the advance of the human civilization, music culture is in constant change and update. Up to this day, Chinese traditional music displays different attitude and shows the characteristics of diversification.

Before your reading we recommend you should know the basic things about Chineese and can learn the best Basic Chinese Course to get the basement about Chinese.

Chinese traditional music, which is refers to the inherent from with the national characteristics, includes not only the ancient works, but also the modern works. It can be divided into five categories: folk song, singing and dancing music, talking and singing music, Chinese instrumental music and opera music. No matter the time of order, they have a unique form of expression and style. Chinese people created the excellent national music culture, which formed a profound connotation and rich content of national music system and became a kind of traditional taste of our country. There are three features of the taste.

The traditional taste has a strong literary flavor. For example, the folk song and dance, Jiu Ge and Li Sao, which tidied by Qu Yuan are great speeches and style fresh. They are not only the outstanding works of music, but also they are outstanding literary works. This is one of the important elements of the formation of Chinese civilization password carrier. Whether it is singing and dancing music, opera music or instrumental music, they are based on the literature. As a result, it requires that the singer or performer should have smart mind and literary attainment.

The traditional taste is saturating the Confucianism and Taoism culture. The Confucian thoughts and theories have greatly influenced the Chinese traditional culture and world culture. Confucian combines ritual with music, which is combining moral rule and culture art. It is the essence of Confucian theory that the unity of beauty and goodness are obtained. Without doubt, this is also the aesthetic ideal of the traditional music.

As for Taoism, it embodied “the nature and man unites as one” of Chinese nation and “true, kind and beautiful” cultural thought bottom Yun with outstanding create intelligence. Taoist music is the most important part of traditional music culture. Taoist music has a naturalistic view of music and the aesthetic pursuit of transcendental and free from vulgarity, which has a great influence on the development of music.

The traditional taste corresponds to Chinese character. The reasons of this phenomenon lie in several aspects. First of all, the Chinese descendants who experienced lots of miserable sufferings, lack of the consciousness of independent and free personality. However, the unabashed individuality of national instrument added in this deficiencies and weaknesses. In addition, they need to rely on different music and uninhabited words to release because their mood is depressed.

For instance, a man of few words at ordinary times will shout vibrantly when he faces with a spectacular landscape. Thirdly, some sages like to regulate mood in the quiet and peaceful environment and borrow ethereal melodies of Guqin to cultivate one's original nature. It can be proven to Chinese traditional painting. What is called “make their respective advantages complementary to each other” and “abandon oneself to nature”, which makes the spirit world relaxed and happy. In summary, national music and the Chinese character is matched.

The most memorable time is the one that we have not got anything on earth to worry about. Therefore, not only can a piece of great music make ourselves happy, but it also enable others to feel delighted. Next, we will share five great Chinese traditional songs with everyone.

1. The Moon Over a Fountain (Er Quan Ying Yue)

The Mood Over a Fountain is  well known one of Erho music composed by Yanjun Hua (Blind man Ah Bing). When he was young, Ah Bing learned music from his father who famous for his musical talent. But, after he was deprived of sight, Ah Bing described the beautiful scenery within his heart in music. Ah Bing's most famous works is entitled The Mood over a Fountain. It is a competitive product to example of Chinese instrumental folk music stemming from the heart of a small town folk artist. The Mood over a Fountain he created has become a classic performed by many orchestras. It as a classic tradition of instrumental music, its unique artistic charm won many people's love and appreciation.

2. Fishing Junks At Sunset (Yu Zhou Chang Wan)

Fishing Junks at Sunset, the typical classical Chinese zither music of He Nan, is one of the famous Chinese zither music, being widely circulated in China. The music paints a beautiful picture that the fisherman sings back in the setting sun. There are three sections in the music. The beginning of the music, melody is beautiful and elegant, which becomes a picture of the sunset light and blue waves. The second part, music melody lively and tone is changing, which embodies the fisherman's cheerful mood of sing. In the end, the rhythm of the music is gradually speeded up and repeated, which paints a carefree happy scene of fisherman. Fishing Junks at Sunset is the most popular in China and the biggest impact of the Chinese zither solo since the 1930.

3. High Mountain and Flowing Water (Gao Shan Liu Shui)

Guqin song  High Mountain and Flowing Water spreads far and wide through the Chinese Guqin music and is also a piece of fairly typical music. There is a classical allusion from the story of Bo Ya who is an adept in playing the dulcimer. When Ziqi Zhong heard him play, he could tell where the latte's ambition lay: his lofty aims, his aspirations. But, how rarely one could meet people like Ziqi Zhong. After Ziqi Zhong died, Bo Ya lost bosom friend, never crashed Guqin strings and did not speak, so there are High Mountain and Flowing Water. Later, it refers to the harsh reality that talent and ability can rarely meet people who can really appreciate them.

4. Ambush on All Sides (Shi Mian Mai Fu)

Ambush on All Sides is a famous traditional Pipa solo and also one of the top ten famous songs in China. It describes the decisive battle between Chu and Han at Gaixia in 202 BC. Xiang Yu, the king of Chu, was besieged at a place called Gaixia by the Han army led by Liu Bang. Unable to stage a comeback, Xiang Yu committed suicide at Wujiang River. Liu Bang won the victory of the war. The music tune is intense and stirring, which creates a magnificent scene of single instrument solo.

5. Three Stanzas of Plum Blossoms (Mei Hua San Nong)

Magical Mi Pu edited by Ming Dynasty Zhu Quan is the earliest recorded the song that the Eastern Jin Yi Huan played the flute. An adaptation of ancient music of violin, flute music after all music shows plum, white proud snow ling cream's noble character. Borrow the song lyric, through the plum flower is white, fragrant and hardy characteristics, to praise the people with noble moral integrity. This song structure use the technique of loop representation, repeated three times in the whole period of theme, using each time harmonic embouchure, so called "three". A proud embodies the plum blossom, white snow ling cream's noble character.

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