China Song Instrument Introduction:Bamboo Flute

Few days ago, we had learned the introduction of the Chinese Zither(guzheng).In fact, China has more beautiful instruments that also have the great sound.Today we will continue to learn the other China song instrument:bamboo flute.

Before your reading we recommend you should know the basic things about Chineese and can learn the best Basic Chinese Course for 6 days for Free to get the basement about Chinese.

Bamboo flute(Chinese calls Dizi)is the most popular of the Chinese flutes and woodwind instruments. It is also sometimes known as the di or hengdi , and has varieties including the qudi and bangdi.The south of China calls bamboo flute as qudi and the north calls bangdi.The instrument’s portability and price, versatility,helps the Chinese dizi to be easily accessible and used in many genres of China music like Chinese folk music´╝îChinese opera,Chinese National Orchestra.In fact,you can also see it existing in the Western symphony orchestra and the modern music.

The dizi is one of the most popular instruments among the Chinese common people.The dizi is a staple of Chinese folk music and also is called the “King of the national music”.Many bamboo flute from China are made of bamboo.That’s why dizi are sometimes known by simple such as Chinese bamboo flute.

But sometimes you also find some made of stone. Jade and red wood even the West likes the wooden dizi.But you can find other bamboo flutes in China(because dizi is distinctive),like vertical end-blown xiao and the koudi.There are composed of the same thing but have more difference.

History of Dizi

In Chinese history,more evidences shows that it was invented in the Yellow Emperor (who is one of the important human in Chinese history).But others think it would be the invention of the Han dynasty.

Construction

The type of the bamboo will influence the sound of dizi and the distinct feature of the dizi is the addition of a membrane covered bowing hole which, when air passes over it, rattles creating a buzzing timbre, that gives it that signature sound. Thus, the dizi is known as the “chinese transverse flute” due to the addition of a secondary “mokong” sound hole.

Cover this hole is the “dimo” membrane, made from an almost tissue-like shaving of reed (made from the inner skin of bamboo cells),which is responsible for this resonating effect on the sound produced by the dizi, adding and amplifying brighter notes, and creating harmonics. As a result, Dizi has a relatively large range,covering about two-and-a-quarter octaves.There's a picture about the construction of dizi.

dizi construction

From the picture, you see the technology of it.You can learn the instrument from the picture and other lessons.
How about it In our website In our website, we will not give you lessons on how to learn it.However, you can find more interesting video and beautiful MP3 download.We will share more traditional dizi songs with you.Hope you have a great time on our website.

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